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Siamese Melting Pot: Ethnic Minorities in the Making of Bangkok

Traces history of Bangkok ethnic pluralism from the fall of Ayutthaya period to pre-modernized Rattanakosin period (1782-1910) or so called “the Old Bangkok”. Explains roles various stakeholders in community building, feudalism, port-city urbanization, as well as cultural integration and assimilation by foreigners. Includes Thai elite and commons, Portuguese-Thai merchants and missionaries, Mon refugees and settlers from Ayutthaya, Lao war captives, Muslims (Cham militias, Persian courtiers, Arab voyagers, Indian traders, Malay captives, Indonesian wanderers), ethnic Chinese and Chinese communities in Siam (Hokkien, Hakka, Hainanese, Cantonese) and other marginal people (Khmer, Viet Nam, Thai Yuan, Sikh, Westerners).