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The Oil Palm Complex: Smallholders, Agribusiness, and the State in Indonesia and Malaysia

Studies the complication of oil palm industry in Malaysia and Indonesia in terms of land, labour, capital, policy, modes of production and conflicts. Investigates oil palm industry in Indonesia in coherent with government policy and its impact on livelihood outcomes with comparative situations of oil palm smallholders. Examines Malaysian oil palm industry from political economy of large-scale oil palm expansion to smallholders’ livelihoods and state policies in Sarawak. Explicates conflicts relating to oil palm development, such as a rootcause abused by companies and dissatisfaction about compensation level, politics of smallholders participation, and opposition between oil palm settlers and indigenous people. Mentions labour issues in Indonesia’s oil palm industry and Indonesian migrant workers in Malaysia’s plantation.