The Men Who Lost Singapore, 1938-1942
Explores colonial governors and incidents relating to the British military’s loss of Peninsular Malaya and Singapore to the Japanese army in 1942. Focuses on roles and responsibilities of the British administration for the affairs of Singapore and Malaya in the beginning and during the war as well as civil authorities’ actions in crisis. Indicates several causes leading to the defeat and loss of civilian life, such as poor cooperation between the local governor and colonial authorities, colonial governance’s ignorance on preparing the nation for self-government, ambiguous strategy to protect Penang and Singapore Naval Base, inept management of civil defence, failure in emergency management, failure of duty to the people for whom they were responsible and hesitation to confront enemy. Outlines the incident escalation, evidence, and aftermath.