The Uprooted: Race, Children, and Imperialism in French Indochina, 1890-1980
Studies the lives of fatherless ‘Métis children’ or ‘Eurasians’ in Southeast Asia who were born of indigenous mothers and white men or Indian fathers during French colonial in Indochina, especially Vietnam, Cambodia and Lao. Focuses on impacts and subsequences of an 1889 French law claiming that raising those mixed race children in Southeast Asian culture equaled to abandonment, leading to the colony’s child removal program or protective custody by taking those mixed race children from mothers’ care and placing them in state-run orphanages to transform them into ‘little Frenchmen’. Investigates motivations behind this programs and how these protection systems were treated as colonial security measures. Mentions agricultural training for Métis boys to reduce rebellious class, their contributions to French population regeneration, political power of adult Métis from Cochinchina, Métis as French elite population to counterbalance Japanese power in Indochina. Describes how Métis were symbolized as France’s maintaining colony in Indochina after Vietnamese independence declaration and their lives after decolonization.